How to Know If You Have Diabetes


Being diagnosed with prediabetes is a serious call for attention, but it does not have to mean that you will undoubtedly have diabetes . There is still time to change things. There are a series of habits and measures that can prevent the disease from manifesting.

In fact, more and more doctors and specialists recognize the importance of early detection of prediabetes as the most effective way to avoid more serious health problems in the future.

In the case of type 1 diabetes, the symptoms are usually intense and very evident. We can locate two groups of signs or symptoms of this type of diabetes or when the sugar is in high levels. The first group includes:

  • Intense thirst
  • Intense hunger
  • Fatigue or fatigue.
  • Blurry vision.
  • Loss of sensation in the feet or tingling sensation.
  • Involuntary weight loss
  • Urination more frequently.

The other signs are:
  • Rapid and deep breathing.
  • Dryness in the mouth and skin.
  • Redness of the face
  • Smell of fruits on the breath.
  • Nausea or vomiting, inability to retain fluids.
  • Stomachache.
In patients with type 1 diabetes, whose treatment requires insulin , hypoglycaemia or low blood sugar may occur . This occurs when blood sugar levels are below 70 mg / dl . The alarm signals are:
  • Headache.
  • Hungry.
  • Nervousness.
  • Rapid heartbeat (palpitations).
  • Tremors
  • Sweating
  • Weakness.
In the case of type 2 diabetes, the detection of symptoms is more complicated because at first the patient does not present any symptoms and it may take years to present them. The alarm signals are:
  • Recurrent infections in the bladder, kidneys and skin, which take longer to heal than normal.
  • Fatigue.
  • Sensation of hunger and increased thirst.
  • Increased urination
  • Blurry vision.
  • Erectile dysfunction.
  • Pain or numbness of the feet or hands.
For both types of diabetes, the tests and exams for detection are fasting glucose level , if the reading is higher than 126 mg / dL on two occasions the disease is diagnosed; hemoglobin A1c test, the normal level is 5.7%, prediabetes between 5.7% and 6.4% and diabetes from 6.5% and up; oral glucose tolerance test , the positive diagnosis occurs when the glucoselevel exceeds 200 mg / dL.

Other tests that can be performed are the random glucose level (without fasting), in this case the positive diagnosis is given with levels higher than 200 mg / dL linked to some symptomscommon to the disease, this must be confirmed through a fasting test. The examination of ketones through urine or blood sample can also be used when it is a blood glucose higher than 240 mg / dL, when there is a clinical condition such as pneumonia, heart attack or cardiovascular accident , when there is nausea and vomiting during the pregnancy.

Screening tests are recommended in children with obesity who present other risk factors, starting at age 10 and with a biannual frequency, in adults with obesity whose Body Mass Index is greater than 25 and who have other risk factors, adults over 45 years in periods of three years.

To decrease the risk of developing diabetes at some point in your life there are six steps that can be very useful:

1 . Perform physical activity regularly , at least 30 minutes a day. This is a fundamental part in the treatment of prediabetes and diabetes , since it decreases the body mass index and glucose levels.
2. Take care of your weight . It has been shown that when you are overweight , losing between 5% and 7% of weight decreases the chances of suffering diabetes by 58% .
3. Consult the doctor periodically. One visit every three or six months.
4. Eat healthy.
5. Get enough rest and sleep regularly. The deficit in sleep makes it more difficult for the body to use insulin efficiently.
6. Seek support. Making all the above points is easier if you have a positive reinforcement and the support of people seeking the same goal.

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